Historic Sites of the Ancient City of Vladimir
Gold ring of Russia. Cities that remember Ancient Russia and the formation of Russia modern, and it seems that everything is full of history in them … They keep many secrets, the old and new are intertwined in them, and there are no better places for lovers of antiquity and travel … These Cities are multifaceted, and one of The Pearl of the Ring is the city of Vladimir.
Vladimir is one of the oldest cities in Russia. Located on the banks of the Klyazma River, was originally built on the left, higher. In various annals, the first mention of it dates back to the X – XII centuries, but the settlement began to develop actively in the middle of the XII century.
About two hundred monuments of architecture and history built in different eras have survived to our time, and among them there are three objects of pre-Mongolian architecture. The main attractions – Golden Gate, Assumption and Dmitrievsky Cathedrals – attract the bulk of tourists.
The tourism industry is very developed here. Guests are offered various sightseeing tours of Vladimir and its environs. There are many museums that will be interesting to anyone, regardless of age and gender, among them local history, historical, art and art museums. There are more than two dozen different hotels, hotels, hostels – for every taste and size of the wallet. Vladimir hotels are mostly located in the city center, just a stone’s throw from them to the famous monuments of architecture. Restaurants, cafes and food outlets of various price categories are located throughout the city.
In the era of Andrei Bogolyubsky, the city was surrounded by a high earthen rampart with a moat at the base. There were seven gates, but only one, the most ceremonial, Golden Gate has survived to our time.
They were created by princely architects in 1164 and subsequently quite often rebuilt due to enemy raids and terrible fires. Massive gate leaves protecting the entrance to the city were trimmed with gilded sheets of copper, hence the name. They disappeared during the invasion of Batu Khan and were never found. The oldest surviving parts are the arch itself and massive side pylons.
According to historians, this building had no analogues in medieval Europe. In addition to part of the defensive fortifications, they played a role and a triumphal arch. It was through them that the squads went out on military campaigns, and through them they returned. The gates also served religious purposes – a church was built above them.
Nowadays, the Golden Gate is part of the Vladimir-Suzdal Museum-Reserve, and the church has an exposition dedicated to the ancient soldiers and heroes of the Great Patriotic War.
The Assumption Cathedral is the oldest and most beautiful temple, majestically rising above the historical part of the city.
The white-stone church was built in the middle of the 12th century by “craftsmen from all over the world” and was conceived as the main cathedral of the state. It was in her image and likeness that they began to build temples in all corners of Russia.
In the XV century, Andrei Rublev and Daniil Cherny were invited to paint the Assumption Cathedral, fragments of frescoes have survived to our time and are one of the pearls of the temple.
The cathedral is operational, but at a time not occupied by services, excursions are organized. Not far from the temple is a convenient observation deck, which offers an amazing view.
Dmitrievsky Cathedral, although small in size, is one of the most interesting architectural monuments of the pre-Mongol period. It was built at the turn of the XII-XIII centuries as a court church of the princely court. In its original form, it has not reached our time; some of its elements have been lost.
A feature of the Dmitrievsky Cathedral are carved facades. White-stone reliefs, of which about 600, depict saints, plants, mythical and existing animals, creating a bizarre picture of the world. Some of the drawings have been preserved since ancient times, the other has been restored. Inside the cathedral, the remains of the murals included in the composition “The Last Judgment” were preserved.
The temple is not operational, on its territory there is a museum dedicated to the history of Dmitrievsky Cathedral.
MORE LATER MONUMENTS OF ARCHITECTURE
In addition to the three pre-Mongol architectural monuments, a lot of structures from the XIX and early XX centuries have been preserved in Vladimir. They are mainly located in the central part of the city.
A strict ensemble of public places, built in a classic style, is interesting. It is located near the Assumption Cathedral. Now there is a museum complex “Chambers”.
The monument of industrial architecture is the first water tower in the city, created at the beginning of the 20th century to provide urban water supply.
The house of the vice-governor is one of the first buildings built in stone.
There is even a Catholic church in the city, a witness to the religious tolerance of peoples. It was built at the end of the 19th century in a pseudo-Gothic style.
There are other objects of architecture, interesting in their own way and bearing their value.